Models of international business relations analysis and assessment usable in customs activities

Danutė Adomavičiūtė, Jūratė Jadvyga Gurevičienė

Abstract


Trade facilitation is a key policy for customs. International organisations such as the World Customs Organisation, whose work includes customs and trade issues, now recognise the importance of trade facilitation. Trade facilitation measures result in better controls and bigger revenues for governments from customs duties. It has been proven time and time again that simple, modern and transparent procedures enhance border control and fraud prevention, and lead to higher revenue intakes.
One of the main elements of the security amendment of the Community Customs Code is the creation of the AEO concept. European exporters and importers are important participators in the world trade. The facilitation of these operations brings benefits to both the European economy and the economies of our trading partners. The growth of global trade and increasing security threats to the international movement of goods have forced customs administrations to shift their focus more to securing the international trade flow and away from the traditional task of collecting customs duties. Concept of ‘safety and security’ has been included in the European customs legislation. Enterprises involved in international trade and commerce may apply to customs for the status of an Authorised Economic Operator (AEO). Enterprises that would like to qualify for the AEO status must meet a number of criteria. This means that the business sector together with the customs is responsible for safe and incorruptible flow of goods crossing external borders. The introduction of the AEO status is an important next step for Lithuanian customs towards cooperation with the business sector. AEO certificate offers advantages in international trade.
The paper identifies outline of the development of performance measurement in customs administrations. The article contains a comprehensive analysis of related research. Performance measurement has raised in the supply network environment from both local and global managerial perspectives. The performance measurement system should be a dynamic and ever changing system that reflects the strategic responses of the organization to its market.

Keywords


muitinė; verslo veiklos vertinimas; įgaliotasis ekonominių operacijų vykdytojas; prekių tiekimo grandinė

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"Business Systems & Economics" ISSN online 2029-8234