HOW EFFICIENT WERE ISLAMIC BANKS DURING THE FINANCIAL CRISIS? EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM ASIAN COUNTRIES

Norazlina Abd. Wahab, Romzie Rosman, Zairy Zainol

Abstract


The aim of this study is to examine the efficiency of Islamic banks during and after the financial crisis, specifically in Asian countries from 2007 to 2011. This is evaluated using a non-parametric approach, in the form of a data envelopment analysis. The data was extracted from the BankScope database for the five-year period (2007-2011). The aim of this study is twofold firstly, it attempts to investigate sources of (in)efficiency in Asian Islamic banks during the recent financial crisis and the recovery period. Secondly, by using a Tobit regression analysis, it assesses the determinants of efficiency in the countries examined. An assessment of the efficiency levels of Islamic banks during the financial crisis and the recovery period, as well as within an international context, has policy ramifications for central banks in terms of enhancing the levels of efficiency and competitiveness of Islamic banks in the region. Accordingly, this will also help Islamic banks to weather future financial crises better and, in turn, improve their efficiency levels.

Keywords


Asian countries, data envelopment analysis, efficiency, financial crisis, Islamic banks

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.13165/IE-17-11-1-04

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"Intellectual Economics" ISSN online 1822-8038 / ISSN print 1822-8011