CONSTITUTIONAL REFORMS ON ELECTORAL SYSTEM FOR CONSOLIDATION OF PARLIAMENTARY DEMOCRACY IN GEORGIA

Malkhaz Nakashidze, Davit Sirabidze

Abstract


The article presented deals with the analysis of electoral reform in Georgia. As a result of the 2017–2018 constitutional reform Georgia has fully shifted to parliamentary system of government, and the process of choosing an electoral system is currently under discussion. Since the restoration of independence, Georgia’s electoral system has undergone many changes, with a consistently mixed electoral system being used during this period. This system has consistently ensured the creation of a strong one-party parliamentary majority, often a supermajority. This article discusses the electoral history of Georgia and the main positive and negative aspects of the current system. Significant attention is paid to the ongoing discussions between the government and the opposition in Georgia, and the main useful arguments of the proportional electoral system. The article finally presents some conclusions about the changes in the electoral system.

Keywords


constitution, parliament, electoral systems, democracy, political parties

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.13165/j.icj.2020.06.002

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