Civil Servants’ Job Satisfaction and Learning Motivation: Effects of Gender and Age

Gediminas Merkys, Rūta Brazienė


This article explores the effects of age and gender on civil servants' learning motivation and job satisfaction. It underlines the interest to explore not only social gender but also social age in the context of labour market and labour organizations. It is highlighted that problems, which Western society and labour organizations face today due to age effects, are more complex than the problems arising from gender differences. The conducted survey indicated that the Lithuanian civil servants as a whole have a positive motivation for learning and expressed satisfaction with their job. At the same time, it revealed striking effects of age and gender. The workers of young, pre-retirement and retirement age have relatively poorer motivational characteristics than other age groups. This is especially valid for senior civil servants men, as well as men, representing the general population. Explored parameters of these populations become deviating and allow talking about specific social risks or latent discrimination against these social groups.


civil servants; work satisfaction; learning motivation; gender and age effects

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"Public Policy and Administration" ISSN online 2029-2872 / ISSN print 1648-2603