Civil Service, Democracy and Economic Development

Francisco Cardona


This article examines the links between merit-based civil service, economic development and the robustness of democracy. It also argues that patterns of public employment prevalent in the past, such as patronage (including political patronage) and venality of public offices, can no longer be followed if poverty is to be reduced, economic development sustained and democracy reinforced.


civil service; democracy; economic development

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"Public Policy and Administration" ISSN online 2029-2872 / ISSN print 1648-2603