France Civil (Napoleonic) Code and its Validity in Lithuania

Antanas Šenavičius


Civil (Napoleonic) Code, dated 1804, constitutes not only the core of the French Civil Law but is equally a great codification example of Roman Private Law. The Code came from the spirit the French Revolution. It radically eliminated feudal legal traditions and established the principles of Property Law, Freedom of Contract Law, Family Law, Law on Inheritance. The Code reflects the historical results of the development of law and creates the legal framework for the development of the modern Civil Law. European countries experienced the influence of the Code. The Code had an impact on almost all legal codifications of Civil Law in Europe. It was also accepted by many Latin American countries. Due to the conquests of Napoleon on 1808, the Code was introduced in southern Lithuania (the lands behind the Neman) and existed there by 1 December 1940.


Civil Law; the France Civil (Napoleonic) Code; Reception of Law and Novelisation; Kingdom of Poland; the Duchy of Warsaw

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