Model of Levels of Community Participation in the Disaster Management Cycle

Andrius Stasiukynas, Arvydas Survila

Abstract


Individual, community and public administration institutions responsible for disaster management usually facing various types of threats: natural, technological and willful. Disasters occur due to evidence of threats an their consequences can destroy and damage property, cause cultural, social, economic and psychological effects on society, injure or kill humans, disrupt community activities in different ways. The competent authoritie in every phases of the disaster management cycle use certain universally recognized measures in order to reduce the potential impact of disasters, to prepare for responding and to recover after disaster. The effectiveness of application of such measures is determined by one of the existing and widely known in the world approach – community based disaster management. Unfortunately, its application remains an open question how far authorities responsible for disaster management can involve communities into the disaster management cycle activities? Authors of the article on the basis of „public participation levels” classification proposed by Sherry R. Arnstein (1969) and taking into account restrictions for publicity of existing information on different hazards and management phases provide the theoretical model for community involvement into the disaster management cycle activities.

Keywords


disaster management, community participation

Full Text:

PDF (Lithuanian)

References


Alexander D. Towards the Development of Standards in Emergency Management Training and Education. In: Disaster Management by Emerald Insight Staff, Emerald Group Publishing Ltd, 2004, 113 122.

Arnstein S. R. A Ladder of Citizen Participation. JAIP, Vol. 35, No. 4, July 1969, 216 224, http://lithgow-schmidt.dk/sherry-arnstein/ladder-of-citizen-participation.pdf .

Auf der Heide, E. Disaster Response: Principles and Preparation and Coordination. The C.V. Mosby Company, St. Louis, MO, 1989.

Beck, F.D. Introduction to the special section, “Struggles in Building Community”. Sociological Inquiry, 71, 2001, 455 457.

Bovaird T., Loffler E. Public Management and Governance, London: Routledge, 2003. p. 191.

Buckle, P., “Community based management: a new approach to managing disasters”, draft, August, 2001.

Buckle, P., Marsh, G., Smale, S. Re-framing risk, hazards, disasters and daily life: a report of research into local appreciation of risks and threats. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 20, 2002, 309 324.

Coppola, D. P. Introduction to International Disaster Management. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2011.

Cuny, F. C. Principles of Management: Introduction to Disaster Management, Centre Department of Engineering Professional Development, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, 1998.

Dynes, R. R. Community emergency planning: false and inappropriate analogies, International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, Vol. 12 No. 2, 1994, 141 158.

Falk, K. Preparing for Disaster – A Community-based Approach, 2nd rev. ed., Danish Red Cross, Copenhagen, 2005.

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). (1997). Multihazard Identification and Assessment. (online) (cit. 2015-04-03) Available at: http://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/20130726-1545-20490-4487/mhira_in.pdf.

Fischer, H. W. The deconstruction of the command and control model: a post-modern analysis, paper presented at the Annual Meetings of the European Sociological Association, Helsinki, 2001.

Hart, P., Sunkelius, B. Crisis Management Revisited: A New Agenda for Research, Training and Capacity Building Within Europe“, Cooperation and Conflict, 2013, DOI: 10.1177/0010836713485711 2013 48: 444 originally published online 7 June 2013

Imelda, A., Zubair, M. Community-based Disaster Risk Management: Field Practitioners Handbook, ADPC, Banguok, 2004.

Jahangiri, K., Izadkhah, Y. O., Tabibi, S. J. A comparative study on community-based disaster management in selected countries and designing a model for Iran, Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, Vol. 20, Iss 1, 2011, 82 94, http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/09653561111111108

Jha, A. K. Safer Homes, Stronger Communities : A Handbook for Reconstructing After Natural Disasters , 2010.

Herndon, V. A., USA: World Bank Publications, 2010. http://site.ebrary.com/lib/mrulibrary/Doc?id=10364991&ppg=41

Kadushin, C. The motivational foundation of social networks. Social Networks 24, 2002, 77 91.

Kapucu, N. Collaborative emergency management: better community organising, better public preparedness and response. The Author(s) Journal compilation. Overseas Development Institute, Published by Blackwell Publishing, 2008, 239 262.

Kirschenbaum, A. Generic sources of disaster communities: a social network approach, International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Vol. 24, Iss 10/11, 2004, 94 129.

Kreps, G. A. Disaster, Sociology of. in N.J. Smelser and Paul B. Bates (eds.) International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Amsterdam: Elsevier Publishing Company, 2001, 3718 3721.

Lindell, M. K., Perry, R. W. Household adjustment to earthquake hazard: A review of research. Environment and Behavior, 32, 2000, 590 630.

Maplecroft. Latest products and reports, New Maplecroft Terrorism and Security Dashboard – Enhanced Global Threat Analysis and Dynamic Risk Mapping, 2014. (online) (cit. 2015-04-06), http://maplecroft.com/portfolio/new-analysis/2014/06/18/new-maplecroft-terrorism-security-dashboard-enhanced-global-threat-analysis-and-dynamic-risk-mapping/

Marsh, G., Smale, S., Buckle, P. Community impact issues: group report on community impact issues following possible major prolonged disruptions to utilities or possible Y2K situations”, mimeo, 1999.

McEntire, D. A., Myers, A. Preparing communities for disasters: issues and processes for government readiness, Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, Vol. 13, Iss 2, 2004, 140 152.

O’Brien ,G., O’Keefe, P., Gadema, Z., Swords, J. Approaching disaster management through social learning. Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, 19 (4), 2010, 498 508.

Pandey, B., Okazaki, K. Community Based Disaster Management: Empowering Communities to Cope with Disaster Risks, UNCRD, 2005, http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/un/unpan020697.pdf.

Quarantelli, E. What is a Disaster? Perspectives on the Question. London: Routledge, 1998.

Schlossberg M. A., Shuford E. Delineating ‘Public’ and ‘Participation’ in PPGIS. URISA Journal. 16(2), 2005. p. 15 26, http://www.uoregon.edu/~schlossb/articles/PPGIS_Schlossberg.pdf .

Tierney, K. J., Lindell, M., Perry, R. Facing the Unexpected: Disaster Preparedness and Response in the United States. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press, 2001.

Tritter J. Q., McCallum A. The Snakes and Ladders of User Involvement: Moving Beyond Arnstein.” Health Policy; 76, 2006, 156 168.

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Reducing Disaster Risk. A Challenge for Development. A Global Report, New York: UNDP –Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery (BRCP), 2004. (online) (cit. 2015-03-23), http://www.preventionweb.net/files/1096_rdrenglish.pdf

UN/ISDR. Living with Risk: A Global Review of Disaster Reduction Initiatives. New York and Geneva: United Nations Publications, 2004. (online) (cit. 2015-03-23), http://www.unisdr.org/files/657_lwr1.pdf.

UN/ISDR .UN/ISDR terminology on disaster risk reduction, UN/ISDR Library on disaster risk reduction, UN/ISDR, Nairobi, 2009, www.unisdr.org/eng/library/lib-terminology-eng.htm.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13165/VPA-15-14-4-08

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




"Public Policy and Administration" ISSN online 2029-2872 / ISSN print 1648-2603