Analysis of Complementarity Model in the Context of Public Governance Reform

Aleksandras Patapas, Laura Bakinaitė

Abstract


Analysis of relationship between public policy and administration remains one of the most relevant issues in public administration. Normative distinction of public policy and administration seemed to be plausible as proposed to draw a clear line between bureaucrats and politicians in order to avoid corruption, protectionism, bribery. It was argued that such demarcation is justified by the demands of democracy. But the practice has revealed the growing role of bureaucrats in decision-making process, the strengthening relations between politicians and bureaucrats. The traditional normative approach to this relationship has not been prevailing in practice, and formed a need to develop a new model. As a result, the complementarity model was developed by J. H. Svara, however, it has received criticism from the proponents of policy and administration dichotomy model. This article examines formulation assumptions of the policy-administration dichotomy and complementarity models, defines their conceptual content, sets out the limitations of these models, and analyses the complementarity model in the context of public governance reform. The aim of this article is a further problematization of the role of public administration in decision-making process and the legitimacy of this role in the context of modeling of the relationship between public policy and administration.

Keywords


policy–administration dichotomy; complementarity model; dichotomy–duality model; model of public governance reform

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"Public Policy and Administration" ISSN online 2029-2872 / ISSN print 1648-2603