Emotional intelligence of adolescents: analysis of emotional and behavioral problems, stressful life events and demographic characteristics

Dangolia Kušlevič – Veršekienė, Rūta Pukinskaitė

Abstract


The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationships between emotional intelligence (EI) scores and social competence, emotional - behavioral problems and stressful life events of adolescents. Emotional intelligence has been considered important in social adjustment of adolescents. Adolescent EI was measured with the Bar-On Emotional Quatient Inventory Youth Short Version (Bar_On EQi: YV; the Youth Self- Report Scale (Achenbach T.M., 1991) and List of Stressful Life Events also were used for the study. EI scores were compared to demographic characteristics of the individuals (sex, household income, parents' level of education, and location of residence) and school achievements of adolescents. Participants in this study were 178 students aged 12-18.
The findings indicate that EI levels were negatively related to internal and external behavioral problems. There was a positively significant relationship between the emotional intelligence of adolescents and their school achievements, social functioning (activity). Stressful life events are positively related to stress management scores and negatively related to interpersonal, adaptability and general mood results. Relationships were observed between EI and demographic characteristics: higher EQ levels were characteristic to females, parents' education, household income and location of residence characteristics also have an impact on the EQ of adolescents.

Keywords


emotional intelligence; social competence; emotional and behavioral problems; stressful life events

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"Social Work" ISSN online 2029-2775 / ISSN print 1648-4789