Possibilities of predicting repeated spousal assault risk assessment using B-SAFER

Alfredas Laurinavičius, Rita Žukauskienė


In this article predictive validity of judgments concerning risk for repeated spouse assault using the Brief Spousal Assault Form for the Evaluation of Risk B-SAFER (Kropp, Hart, Belfrage, 2005) is analysed. A total of 146 women who suffered from spousal assault were interviewed using B-SAFER questionnaires. Structural interview was used in order to assess 10 factors (20 items) of risk of violence and to evaluate a risk of life-threatening violence and risk of imminent violence. 2 moths after the initial assessment 113 women were contacted again and actual variety of family violence during this period was evaluated using Conflict tactic scale (Straus, Gelles, 1990). Stepwise regression analysis was first performed to identify risk factors that are significantly correlated with the presence of spousal assault (including physical assault, sexual coercion or injury, as measured by the CTS2) The results of stepwise regression show that the main indicators for risk assessment are presence of violent acts and escalation of violence in the past and offenders’ present positive attitudes to violence. 50% of variance of violence as measured by CTS in 2 months after initial assessment can be explained by the presence of violent acts in the past, violent threats or thoughts in the past and escalation of violence in the past. The results of one-way ANOVA revealed expected significant differences in a variety of violence in different risk groups. Results show that B-SAFER is a reliable measure of evaluation of spousal assault risk and has good prognostic validity.


Spousal assault; risk factors; risk assessment

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"Social Work" ISSN online 2029-2775 / ISSN print 1648-4789