The psychological antecedents of career goal setting among university students

Ieva Urbanavičiūtė


Career planning is a highly researched area. The most popular topics include the analysis of career planning, career choice, goal setting processes etc. Still there is an open question which psychological factors could be crucial for the smooth entry into the labour market.
Our research aims to explore the peculiarities of career planning which takes place between two important events: after entering the system of higher education, but before entering the labour market. The research focuses on the analysis of the interrelation between the intention to continue a chosen career path and three independent variables: satisfaction with career choice, academic self-efficacy, and profession related beliefs. Theoretically, our research is based on the principles of Social Cognitive Career Theory.
The questionnaire was administered in a sample of 178 undergraduate university students. The statistical analysis has shown a statistically significant relation between the intentions to continue chosen career path, satisfaction with career choice and career related beliefs. Hierarchical regression analysis confirms the significance of the satisfaction with career choice and career related beliefs to the intention to continue a chosen career path. On the contrary, no significant relation between academic self-efficacy and career intentions was found. The results provide basis for further theoretical and practical implications in career counselling field, and set guidelines of possible future research.


career decision making; self-efficacy; career goal setting; social cognitive career theory

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"Social Work" ISSN online 2029-2775 / ISSN print 1648-4789