Psychological conception of punishment

Samuelis Kuklianskis, Ruth Gimelstein, Viktoras Justickis

Abstract


The article has the objective of analyzing, as far as possible, the concept of psychological punishment and the conditions and reasons for its emergence and existence. It examines in theoretical terms the subjects of psychological punishment and the guarantees of its execution. Punishment is treated as a sanction; the legal and psychological aims of punishment are discussed. The article seeks to give a detailed review of the objectives of punishment as formulated in the course of legal history, the emphasis laid on these objectives in the Penal Code of the Republic of Lithuania and their relationship with the psychological aspects of executing punishment. The analysis of the definition of punishment – as accepted in psychology – is provided upon the legal concept of punishment.

Keywords


psychological definition of punishment; the subjects of punishment; the guarantees of its execution; the objectives of punishment

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"Social Work" ISSN online 2029-2775 / ISSN print 1648-4789