Tendencies of intermediation in situation of people with visions loss

Lidija Ušeckienė, Ingrida Baranauskienė

Abstract


The object of the article is the character of the social security in the context of the integration of the blind into the labour market. What individual and collective conditions enable disabled people (the blind in this research) to integrate into the open labour market? Does social security encourage a blind person to search for the opportunities to adapt and establish in the open labour market? These problematic questions reveal the general topic of the article. Other problematic questions are as follows: Does any intermediation institution exist in Lithuania? Could a prevailing intermediation institution be named as an effective social tool enabling a blind person to establish in the labour market? Does this institution meet the needs of the blind and expectations of the society? The aim of the research analysed in the article is to reveal and assess the essential categories of the intermediation institutions involved in the employment of the blind, to show their contents and assess the practice.
The hypothetic precondition is: the needs of intermediation in the employment of the blind are too little taken into consideration. The intermediation institution is insufficiently orientated to the development of the possibilities for the blind to integrate into the open labour market.
The sample: 30 blind persons having the first level of disability, higher education and successfully integrated into the labour market were surveyed in Lithuania. A qualitative research method was employed to collect empirical data; partially standardised interviews were carried out; the results of the research were validated by the specialists’ assessment. In addition, theoretical and juridical references and the impact of social organizations for the blind on the integration of the blind into the labour market were analysed. Content analysis (the data were categorised according to the semantic correlations) was conducted to analyse the data.
The hypothesis, that the needs of intermediation in the employment of the blind are insufficiently taken into consideration, was confirmed. The blind meet the need for intermediation at the initial stage of employment: choosing the profession and seeking professional education. The data of the research reveals that the need for intermediation grows conducting a job search. It is important in further career development: during the professional adaptation period or in-service training. However, the satisfaction of this need is in most cases left for the personal initiative of relations, friends and educators.

Keywords


social security; an intermediation institution; open labour market; integration; the employment

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"Social Work" ISSN online 2029-2775 / ISSN print 1648-4789