Socioeducational prerequisites of minor supervision institution wards’ adaptation

Adolfas Juodraitis

Abstract


Transformations of personality behavior are determined by many objectively and subjectively functioning factors: the peculiarities of personality structure, attitudes, the influence of social environment, the tendencies of recognition and following the declared norms and rules, etc. In this country a group of „social deprivation“ people has emerged in which the development of personality is under the influence of many additional negative factors which interfere with socialization process. One of additional negative factors is placement of children in different care institutions including the institutions of medium supervision for delinquents. The investigation data have demonstrated that basically from 5-7% to 67-75% of the causes of a minor’s placement in the institution might be considered as delinquent ones, but in the majority of cases a „criminal“ biography of a ward is the consequence of social policy changes. Though the majority of supervision institutions' wards consider their placement as fair we may only hypothetically foresee their further socialization development after the corrective-educational period in the institution is over. Bearing in mind that in 75-85% of the cases unfavorable minor’s conditions of psychological development in the family and negatively influencing social environment have been identified, returning of them into former surroundings most often determines continuity of delinquent behavior and complicated socialization development.

Keywords


delinquents; social adaptation; words institutions; negative factors; behavior transformations

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"Social Work" ISSN online 2029-2775 / ISSN print 1648-4789