Theoretical Analysis of Internal Factors of Resilience to Psychological Trauma

Ruth Reches, Jolanta Sondaitė


Scientific Problem. The study of the phenomenon of resilience to trauma within the framework of positive psychology has been started relatively recently and has received quite controversial evaluations. Some scientists recognize the resilience to trauma as a feature, whilst the others – as a process or even as a result. All researchers agree that there are internal and external resilience factors which help in coping with trauma. Scientists distinguish different internal resilience factors. A more thorough analysis of the concept of the psychological trauma resilience and the empirical research could help to transform the theoretical knowledge into practical methods more effectively, such as creation of interventional and preventive programmes for psychological resilience to trauma.
Research Subject. The research subject is the internal factors of resilience to trauma.
Goals of the Research. Goals of the research include to carry out a critical review of the concept of the internal factors of resilience to psychological trauma, integrate the ideas arising from the empirical research results related to the internal factors of resilience.
Research Method. The method of theoretical analysis, i.e. comparison and summarizing of scientific literature and interpretation of data, has been applied by the author.
Results and Conclusions. The analysis of the empirical research based upon different theoretical paradigms and related to the internal psychological factors of resilience to trauma allowed distinguishing the following internal factors of resilience to trauma: hardiness, ego-resilience, self-esteem, self-image, control, hope, attachment. Also, it allowed determining that the factors distinguished may be of three different types: 1) factors that help to overcome the trauma; 2) factors protecting from the adverse effects of the trauma; 3) factors helping to accept a traumatic event as a challenge and an opportunity to grow.


resilience to psychological trauma; internal factors of resilience; hardiness; control; attachment

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