The Relationship between Narcissism and Achievement Motivation among Young Adults

Ūla Lunevičiūtė, Rūta Pukinskaitė

Abstract


The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between narcissistic traits and achievement motivation in a sample of young Lithuanian adults. Participants were students (N = 193) from different universities in Vilnius: 69 men and 124 women. The mean age of the respondents was 22,5 years (SD = 3,41), and the age range was 19 years to 28 years. NPI (R. Raskin, H. Terry; 1988), CLAMS (T. Cassidy, R. Lynn; 1989), BIS/BAS (C. S. Carver, T. L. White; 1994) were used in research. The results of this study indicate that a higher level of general narcissism construct was found to be associated with a stronger dominance, competitiveness, aspiration for status and mastery motives (rho=0,23-0,59). There was significant positive association between dominance and aspiration for status motives to all narcissistic traits (NPI). Competitiveness motive was positively related to authority, superiority and exhibitionism traits; mastery motive was positively related to the traits of authority, sself-sufficiency and exploitativeness. Results of the research indicate that narcissistic traits (as well as the general narcissism construct) are unrelated to the work ethic motive; this means that narcissism is not related to a set of values based on hard work and diligence. Correlation analyses indicated that higher levels of narcissism were associated with a stronger behavioral approach system (BAS) scores (rho=0,22-0,43) and associated with the lowest behavioral avoidance (or inhibition) system (BIS) scores (rho=-0,15-0,20). Avoidance of failure was positively related to the traits of self-sufficiency, superiority and exploitativeness.

Keywords


narcissism; achievement motivation; approach of success; avoidance of failure

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"Social Work" ISSN online 2029-2775 / ISSN print 1648-4789