(Re-)integration of victims of human trafficking into the labour market

Vida Kanopienė, Giedrė Blažytė

Abstract


Trafficking in human beings is not a new social phenomenon, as its history reaches even ancient
times. Lately though, because of the rise in migration (caused by economic crisis around the world), its
magnitude has increased significantly in Lithuania and other European Union (EU) Member States. In order
to tackle this issue, counter-trafficking policies are implemented in these countries, covering both
legislation and practical activities related with provision of social assistance to victims as well as other policy
measures. This article investigates one of the most urgent issues in this area, namely, the victims’ of
human trafficking (re-)integration into the labour market as a necessary prerequisite for their integration
into society. The research is based on the analysis of the situation in three EU Member States—Austria,
Finland and Lithuania, focusing on the role of NGOs and their activities in provision of social assistance for
the victims of trafficking. The personal experience and views of experts in the field of counter-trafficking
are discussed, providing the main findings of conducted research—which are semi-structured interviews
with the representatives of these organizations.

Keywords


human trafficking; integration; labour market; social welfare

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"Social Work" ISSN online 2029-2775 / ISSN print 1648-4789