Poverty, provision of assistance and work: the case of Turkey

Hüseyin Gül, Songül Sallan Gül


The paper questions whether the receipt of poverty assistance stifles the incentive to participate in
the labour market and leads to dependency among aid recipients. For this purpose, several indicators
are analyzed including the profiles and attitudes of the poor, the sufficiency and types of poverty assistance,
the conditions of the labour market, poverty assistance and work linkages. The data used in the
study come from a research funded by the United Nations Development Programme and conducted with
the support of the General Directorate of Social Assistance and Solidarity in three provinces in Turkey.
The findings of the study suggest that the receipt of poverty assistance does not necessarily reduce the
incentives to work. The issue is much more complex, and low-wage labour market conditions and the
traits of the poor are associated with the receipt of aid and the work attitudes of the poor. The study is
expected to contribute to the understanding of the problem of poverty, the work attitudes of the poor
and the system of poverty assistance in Turkey as well as the ways of using social assistance more effectively
and include or keep the poor in the labour market.


poverty; provision of poverty assistance; work; labour market; labour force participation; Turkey

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"Social Work" ISSN online 2029-2775 / ISSN print 1648-4789