The Strategic Development Planning of Local Governments, Following the Examples of Foreign Countries (article in Lithuanian)

Malvina Arimavičiūtė

Abstract


The article discusses the problems of self-government institutions and the notion of spatial planning, analyzing the examples of the development plans of local governments and legal regulation of planning in various countries. The author presents the structure of the development plans of Oxford, Nova Scotia, Auckland, and Warsaw and analyses Lithuanian local governments’ development planning based on regional planning and revision methodology. The analysis of the countries that have old strategic planning traditions shows that the issues of local government strategic planning are regulated by law in many cases. In Canada and New Zealand, strategic planning is governed by laws, and in the United Kingdom there is a separate law that regulates the whole planning system. In Lithuania and Poland, local government development planning is not defined by laws. The most important feature of the UK strategic planning system is that local development documents reflect government policies, which are associated with area development and utilisation. Strategic planning policy supports spatial area development and is a combination of a general area plan and strategic development plan. The main normative limitations are related to the development of respective areas (protected areas, regional parks, etc). Local development plans are coordinated with regional strategic plans. Various interest groups are involved in local development planning.

Keywords


local governments; self-government institutions; development plans; strategies; policies; vision; mission; goals

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"Societal studies" ISSN online 2029-2244 / ISSN print 2029-2236