Do We Need Another Lithuanian Societal Development Model?

Arvydas Guogis, Boguslavas Gruževskis

Abstract


The authors of the present article analyse several aspects of the choice of a societal development model, as a Welfare model, form the perspective of social justice (equity). Social justice in the article is evaluated as a broad and complex category, which does not have a universal definition. Social justice encompasses the freedom of making one’s choice, correspondence to the needs of consumption and the remuneration for efforts. The authors confirm that, independently of the different approaches to the social justice category, its main aim is to increase the efficiency of societal development, diminish inner contradictions and increase the efficiency of the use of disposable resources. The authors show the development of the Lithuanian Welfare model to the liberal-marginal models direction, what poses problems of social exclusion and increase in social relations commodification. The authors emphasize that the greatest drawback of the reforms in Lithuania was the lack of social justice. During the years of restored independence in Lithuania, the distribution of goods was very unequal and socially unjust, even during the period of rapid economic development between 2003 and 2008. The feeling of non-solidarity among various social groups was also increasing.

Keywords


Lithuanian economical-social model; social justice; social integration

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"Societal studies" ISSN online 2029-2244 / ISSN print 2029-2236