The Role of Nature Conservation Audit in the Nature Management Process

Vida Motiekaitytė, Asta Juknevičiūtė

Abstract


The growth in the number and coverage of protected areas worldwide represents the great importance of conservation in global environmental policy. Nonetheless, many studies emphasize the fact that protected areas are inadequately designed and ineffectively managed. Numerous methodologies are developed in order to measure the effectiveness of the management of protected areas adapted to different regions. Thus far, the literature on protected area assessments still lacks a unifying theoretical structure and a consistent overall approach to nature conservation auditing. The role of nature management in global environmental policy and its aim to implement the real protection of natural values are discussed in the paper. The idea to implement the audit of protected sites under the management plans is new in Lithuania. There is no scientific and practical literature on this issue. As stated by foreign researchers, such a kind of audit is a review of the planning (conceptualization, actions, monitoring and evaluation), execution/implementation (activities, monitoring and analyses), and, if applicable, the results (impacts, outcomes, and iterations) of a conservation project or program. What is more, they highlight that a regular audit as an essential part of such systems can help achieve better management results.

Keywords


nature management; management plan audit; protected areas; Natura 2000; nature protection

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"Societal studies" ISSN online 2029-2244 / ISSN print 2029-2236