Typologies of Murderers in Lithuania

Justinas Sigitas Pečkaitis, Arvydas Pocius, Viktoras Justickis

Abstract


The study analyses typological differences among persons convicted of murder in Lithuania. The study continues the discussion of the previous article “The Process of Murderer’s Social Disadaptation at Different Stages of His Life” published in Mykolas Romeris University “Social Sciences Studies” journal, and uses the results from the same sample of 521 murderers convicted in Lithuania. The first study discussed the common traits of all studied murderers, while this article aims to reveal the most essential typological differences among them, which would enable the authors to separate the murderers to distinct types. The authors used multivariate statistical methods (principal component method in particular) to detect the general traits responsible for the majority of differences among murders. The psychological phenomenon, which determines these traits, is called “emotional destructiveness” and is a paradoxical and converse interconnection between the intensity of one’s destructive (aggressive or sadistic) emotions and the strength of one’s emotional self-control. The ability to control emotions depends on alcohol and drug misuse, and a carefree attitude towards life.

Keywords


typologies of murderers; typological traits; emotional control; emotional destructivity; murderer’s personality

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"Societal studies" ISSN online 2029-2244 / ISSN print 2029-2236