The Problem of Psychological Reactance to Restorative Justice

Ruth Reches

Abstract


Restorative justice is a process within which a penitent offender takes the responsibility for his/her deed, the damage inflicted on the victim and is encouraged to reimburse the victim for the material and moral damage. The idea of restorative justice is becoming more and more relevant in the modern legal and criminological discourse. Restorative justice is believed to alter the current model of law, which is directed towards the punishment of an offender. Restorative punishment is considered to be favourable for the victim of a crime (as it stimulates the offender to compensate the latter), for the offender (as it makes him/her better understand the damage made to the victim and, thus, stimulates his/her improvement and allows his/her integration into society), and for the society (as it restores public relations violated by an offence more effectively). Therefore, the definition of restorative justice is associated with the hopes regarding the humanization of penal justice and, together, of all society.

Keywords


restorative justice; retribution; victim’s need; offender’s need; compensation for losses; objectives of justice

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"Societal studies" ISSN online 2029-2244 / ISSN print 2029-2236