The Notion of the Subject of Abuse of the Rights or Duties of a Parent, a Guardian or a Custodian or Other Authorized Representatives of a Child

Kristina Grinevičiūtė

Abstract


This article deals with the attributes of the special subject provided for in Article 163 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Lithuania. Article 163 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Lithuania stipulates that a committer of this action shall be understood as a person who abused the rights and duties of the father, mother, guardian or custodian, or other authorized representatives of a child. This wording appeared only in the new Criminal Code of 2000, and this is why it has not been studied sufficiently so far. This fact determines the relevancy of the topic. The aim of the present article is to educe the attributes of the subject provided for in Article 163 of the Criminal Code and their content as well as to formulate the rules for their interpretation. The article substantiates that the term “the person who abused the rights and duties of the father, mother, guardian or custodian, or other authorized representatives of a child” must be understood in a broader sense than the father, mother, guardian (custodian), or another authorized representative of a child in the civil law. This article is an attempt to form an understanding of this special subject, without which there cannot be a uniform application of these attributes in judicial practice. The complicacy of this topic is determined by the fact that the rights and duties of parents, guardians (custodians) and other representatives of a child, and the relationship between these persons and the child are understood through the application of the provisions of other branches of law or even other sciences. The provisions of different branches of law and different sciences are not harmonised; therefore, their application causes certain problems. The article applies the systems analysis, logical, comparative, and other methods of scientific research.

Keywords


father; mother; guardian; custodian; other authorized representatives of a child; rights; duties; child

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"Societal studies" ISSN online 2029-2244 / ISSN print 2029-2236