The Problem of the Criminological Determination of the Criminality of Not Working and Non-Studying Persons

Aistė Kuolaitė

Abstract


The criminality of not working and non-studying persons is a type of criminality which could be regarded as an independent object of criminological investigations. In order to investigate this issue it is necessary to determine its boundaries with reference to the qualitative inoccupation criterion. The aims of this article are as follows: to investigate and present the criminological concepts of an unemployed and not working person; to review the drawbacks of the statistical registration of not working and non-studying persons, suspects for a crime (offenders); to present the concept of the criminality of not working and non-studying persons. In the present article the criminological concept of a non-studying person is formulated with reference to the main criterion, i.e. the criterion of the age at which a person is obliged to go to school. In Lithuania this age is under 16. While defining the lowest age limit, the age at which criminal liability can be applied to a person is evaluated. It is essential to apply the same criterions in order to make a successful comparison of the contingent of non-studying offenders and the prevalence of non-studying persons in the society of a particular state.

Keywords


non-studying person; unemployed; not working person; criminality of unemployed and non-studying persons

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"Societal studies" ISSN online 2029-2244 / ISSN print 2029-2236