Estimations of the Scale of Trafficking in Human Beings: International and National Initiatives

Reda Sirgedienė

Abstract


Timely and qualitative data are the basis of successful disclosure, prevention and investigation of a crime. Trafficking in human beings is an international crime. These two aspects are among the reasons why many international and national initiatives directed towards enhancing the capacities to collect high quality data on trafficking in human beings are organised by international organisations and law enforcement institutions, usually the police.
Based on the research, mostly two types of international and national initiatives on collecting data on trafficking in human beings—theoretical, analytical and practical initiatives—have been conducted. Thus, the first section of the article tackles the most significant international and other countries’ national initiatives on collection of data on trafficking in human beings and determining their indicators. The analysis of both types of international and national initiatives revealed the inability to implement the plans in practice. This is one of the main reasons why the data on trafficking in human beings remain sketchy and incomparable.
The second section of the article outlines the situation in Lithuania as regards the collection of data on trafficking in human beings and relevant indicators. The article recommends developing the criminal records system in Lithuania with a few indicators specific for data on trafficking in human beings and to compile a common set of indicators for centralised collection of data on trafficking in human beings. According to the article, this recommendation could be implemented under coordination of a specialised office of a national rapporteur for trafficking in human beings.

Keywords


fight against trafficking in human beings; data on trafficking in human beings; information system; project; data collection; subjects of public administration

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"Societal studies" ISSN online 2029-2244 / ISSN print 2029-2236