Some Issues of the Changes in the Humanities

Bronislovas Kuzmickas

Abstract


Humanities as well as the other culture areas are facing multiple challenges caused by the processes of globalization, rapid development of the technologies of communication and other changes in social life. Traditional hierarchical links and distinctions between different fields of culture are fading. On the one hand, the lines between humanities and social sciences are getting thinner, similarly as between different genres and styles in arts. On the other hand, the cultures of different regions of the world, particularly those of the West and of the East, are drawing closer to each other; this enables emerging various types of intercultural dialogues. All this incites the scholars to seek for a new conceptual means to be applied for the productive interpretation of new realities as well as for rethinking and reinterpreting the assets of the traditional culture. The interdisciplinary approach and multiculturalism are the characteristic features of the contemporary humanities, they raise complicated methodological issues. Digital humanities, interdisciplinary approach, semiotic studies of multimodal representations of information, multimodal communication are all responses of the humanities to the challenges of the modern world and, yet, new challenges tothe humanities as well.
The changes taking place in the humanities of nowadays are also strongly influenced by the widespread application of the electronic technologies of communication, which are competing with traditional communication of written texts. As a result many traditional views on art and culture in general, on the mission of art are changing. The areas of traditional aesthetic culture are interfered by virtual art, not accepting the principle of representation, peculiar to the classical concept of artistic creation. Under the influence of the postmodern philosophy the classical hierarchical structure of culture is disappearing as well as is the difference between the elite and popular culture. At the same time the new perspectives and forms of artistic creation appear. The humanities are facing the complicate tasks to reflect adequately the coming processes, to think over the new problems, to develop the interdisciplinary research.

Keywords


humanities; culture; art; creation; informative technologies; virtuality; commercialization

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"Societal studies" ISSN online 2029-2244 / ISSN print 2029-2236