Higher Education and Participation of Indigenous People in India: Some Reflections

K. M. Joshi, Raj Sekhar Basu


Indigenous people are the most impoverished and socially disadvantaged groups in India. They account for 8.2% of the total Indian population. This group stands at the lower strata of access and participation in higher education despite constitutional protection and strong Government affirmative action policies. The Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) of these groups has improved significantly during the last decade, but the participation in absolute terms is much below the national average. This paper examines issues concerning higher education access and equity for communities of Indigenous people, gender disparity within this group and also highlights their unique problems which may require divergent policy responses.


higher education; social equity; India; access; indigenous

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"Societal studies" ISSN online 2029-2244 / ISSN print 2029-2236