THE CREATION OF A UNIVERSITY DISCIPLINE IN A SOCIETAL AND SOCIAL CONTEXT A PROFESSION IN CHANGE HIGHER EDUCATION IN LITHUANIA

Jonas Christensen

Abstract


Th is article aims to present a picture of how a university discipline has been created in Lithuania, given the background of changes caused by the Lithuania’s emancipation from the Soviet Union. Th e theoretical frame of reference is provided by a modified model of Bronfenbrenners developmental ecology. Data collection has primarily been in the form of interviews with university staff from Lithuanian institutions
for higher education. In addition to the interviews, literature lists, course schedules and other key documents have been collected and analysed. Th e analysis focuses on individual’s conceptualisation of three main areas. Th e study demonstrates how the creation
of management and economics as a university discipline in Lithuania has been formed by a combination of political/ideological, economic, institutional and individual factors. One of the study’s main contributions is to highlight the signifi cance of the concept of
academic freedom and to focus on the paradox, where constraint under the old system is replaced by another form of constraint. In this case, where the rigidity of the old Soviet doctrine is replaced by a new freedom; but instead of being given greater opportunities to
influence and change the subject, the academic staff are forced into a position where, once again they are subjugated to the influences of international sources.

Keywords


Freedom, creation, Lithuania, change, social-constructionism, developmental ecology

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13165/SMS-15-7-1-11

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"Societal studies" ISSN online 2029-2244 / ISSN print 2029-2236