Individual Human Rights Protection Opportunities in the European Court of Human Rights and Human Rights Commitee: Comparative Approach (article in Lithuanian)

Dalia Vitkauskaitė-Meurice

Abstract


The article is dedicated to the comparative analysis of the United Nations and European human rights system with the goal to establish a more efficient human rights forum. The article covers seven efficiency criteria established in the doctrine, studies pros and cons of regional and universal human rights systems and tries to identify more favorable human rights forum from the point of view of the applicant. The article is mostly based on doctrine and interviews with human rights practitioners concerning the problems arising to individual applicants in the European and universal human rights bodies. The author identifies problems arising at two different levels. The analysis of this level is necessary in order to understand the reasons why the applicant may choose to participate in a particular human rights forum. The first level determines if the applicant is able to participate in international litigation process in general. Through key elements, such as access to information about the existence of international human rights bodies, possibility to obtain legal aid and, last but not least, influence on the international litigation process of the state against which the application is targeted, the author indentifies the most accessible and ‘friendly’ forum for applicants.

Keywords


human rights; European Court of Human Rights; Human Rights Committee; petition; litigation

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"Societal studies" ISSN online 2029-2244 / ISSN print 2029-2236