PILOT STUDY ON SOCIAL MEDIA’S ROLE IN EXPATRIATES’ ADJUSTMENT USING BLACK’S MODEL

Benson Nwaorgu, Vilmantė Kumpikaitė-Valiūnienė, Ineta Žičkutė

Abstract


Movement of significant number of expatriates from country to country has been increased with globalization. Every year expatriates face various challenges related to their individual characteristics, jobs and organizations where foreign assignment is major goal. It has become very easy for expatriates to socialize and meet with the other people of same culture and community in the host country with help of different social media. The paper seeks to reveal if social media could support expatriates’ adjustment. Black’s (1991) adjustment model is used for the pilot study. Results give primary insights of social media’s usefulness in adjustment process.


Keywords


Expatriates’ Adjustment; Social Media; Black’s model

References


Abdel-Rahman, G. M., Subramaniam, A., Ramalu, L. S., Chandrakantan, A., & Subramaniam, L.

(2017). The Impact of Cultural Similarity and Social Network Characteristics on Re-Expatriation

Intention Among Self-Initiated Academic Expatriates. International Journal of Business and

Social Research, 7(9), 01-09.

Adler, P. S., & Kwon, S. W. (2002). Social capital: Prospects for a new concept. Academy of

management review, 27(1), 17-40.

Andreason, A. (2003). Direct and indirect forms of in-country support for expatriates and their

families as a means of reducing premature returns and improving job performance. International

Journal of Management, 20(4): 548.

Aycan, Z. (1997). Expatriate adjustment as a multifaceted phenomenon: Individual and

organizational level predictors. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 8(4),

-456.

Bhaskar-Shrinivas, P., Harrison, D. A., Shaffer, M. A., & Luk, D. M. (2005). Input-based and

time-based models of international adjustment: Meta-analytic evidence and theoretical

extensions. Academy of management Journal, 48(2), 257-281.

Black, J. (1988). Work role transitions: A study of American expatriate managers in Japan.

Journal of international business studies, 19(2): 277-294.

Black, J. S., & Stephens, G. K. (1989). The influence of the spouse on American expatriate

adjustment and intent to stay in Pacific Rim overseas assignments. Journal of management, 15(4),

-544.

Black, J. S., Mendenhall, M., & Oddou, G. (1991). Toward a comprehensive model of

international adjustment: An integration of multiple theoretical perspectives. Academy of

management review, 16(2): 291-317.

Carraher, S. M., Sullivan, S. E., & Crocitto, M. M. (2008). Mentoring across global boundaries:

An empirical examination of home-and host-country mentors on expatriate career

outcomes. Journal of International Business Studies, 39(8), 1310-1326.

Chiu, Y. P., Wu, M., Zhuang, W. L., & Hsu, Y. Y. (2009). Influences on expatriate social networks

in China. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 20(4): 790-809.

Cohen, E. (1977). Expatriate communities. Current Sociology, Vol. 24 No. 3, 5-90.

Edstrom, A. & Galbraith, J. R. (1977). Transfer of Managers as a Coordination and Control

Strategy in Multinational Organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 22.

Forbush, E., & Foucault-Welles, B. (2016). Social media use and adaptation among Chinese

students beginning to study in the United States. International Journal of Intercultural Relations,

, 1-12.

Goldberg, L. (1993). The structure of phenotypic personality traits. American psychologist, 48(1):

Hechanova, R., Beehr, T. A., & Christiansen, N. D. (2003). Antecedents and consequences of

employees’ adjustment to overseas assignment: a meta‐analytic review. Applied

psychology, 52(2), 213-236.

Hwang, K.-K. G. (1998). Conflict resolution in Chinese society. Intercultural Communication

Studies, 7(1): 17-38.

Isaac, S., & Michael, W. B. (1995). Handbook in research and evaluation: A collection of

principles, methods, and strategies useful in the planning, design, and evaluation of studies in

education and the behavioral sciences. Edits publishers.

McNulty, Y., & Brewster, C. (2017). Theorising the meaning(s) of ‘expatriate’: Establishing

boundary conditions for business expatriates. International Journal of Human Resource

Management, 28(1), 27–61.

Miller, G. (2012). The smartphone psychology manifesto. Perspectives on psychological science,

(3): 221-237.

Okpara, J. O., & Kabongo, J. D. (2011). Cross-cultural training and expatriate adjustment: A study

of western expatriates in Nigeria. Journal of World Business, 46(1), 22-30.

Osman-Gani, A. M., & Tan, W. L. (2005). Expatriate development for Asia-Pacific: A study of

training contents and methods. International Journal of Human Resources Development and

Management, 5(1), 41-56.

Portes, A. (1998). Social capital: Its origins and applications in modern sociology. Annual review

of sociology, 24(1), 1-24.

Rhoades, L., & Eisenberger, R. (2002). Perceived organizational support: a review of the

literature. Journal of applied psychology, 87(4), 698.

Selmer, J., Torbiorn, I., & de Leon, C. T. (1998). Sequential cross-cultural training for expatriate

business managers: predeparture and post-arrival. International Journal of Human Resource

Management, 9(5): 831-840.

Shaffer, M. A., Harrison, D. A., & Gilley, K. M. (1999). Dimensions, determinants, and

differences in the expatriate adjustment process. Journal of International Business Studies, 30(3),

-581.

Shaffer, M. A., Harrison, D. A., Gregersen, H., Black, J. S., & Ferzandi, L. A. (2006). You can

take it with you: Individual differences and expatriate effectiveness. Journal of Applied

psychology, 91(1), 109.

Stahl, G. K., Miller, E. L., & Tung, R. L. (2002). Toward the boundaryless career: A closer look

at the expatriate career concept and the perceived implications of an international assignment.

Journal of World Business, 37(3): 216-227.

Stroppa, C., & Spieß, E. (2010). Expatriates social networks: The role of company size. The

International Journal of Human Resource Management, 21(13), 2306-2322.

Toh, S. M., & DeNisi, A. S. (2005). A local perspective to expatriate success. Academy of

Management Perspectives, 19(1), 132-146.

Torbiorn, I. (1988). Culture barriers as a social psychological construct: An empirical

validation. Cross-cultural adaptation: Current approaches, 168-190.

Van Vianen, A. E., De Pater, I. E., Kristof-Brown, A. L., & Johnson, E. C. (2004). Fitting in:

Surface-and deep-level cultural differences and expatriates’ adjustment. Academy of Management

Journal, 47(5), 697-709.

Wang, X., & Nayir, D. Z. (2006). How and when is social networking important? Comparing

European expatriate adjustment in China and Turkey. Journal of International

Management, 12(4), 449-472.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.